Millennium Challenge Corporation

Agency Overview

MCC’s mandate is to promote poverty reduction through economic growth in well-performing, poor countries. MCC partners with countries committed to good governance, economic freedom and investing in their people.

MCC grants complement other U.S. and international development programs. There are two primary types of MCC grants: compacts and threshold programs. Compacts are large, five-year grants for countries that pass MCC’s eligibility criteria. Threshold programs are smaller grants awarded to countries that come close to passing these criteria and are firmly committed to improving their policy performance. Under Compact programs, MCC asks partner countries to take the lead in identifying and implementing investments that address binding constraints to growth and have good returns in term of poverty reduction. Under both programs, MCC applies a rigorous and transparent approach to measuring results.

MCC is managed by a chief executive officer, who is part of the nine-member Board of Directors. The Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the U.S. Trade Representative, and the USAID Administrator serve on the board along with four private sector representatives.

Millennium Challenge Corporation Data

U.S. government agencies report data quarterly to ForeignAssistance.gov to comply with the Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability Act of 2016 (FATAA). Each agency is required by FATAA to report data for FY2015 as the minimum base year, although some agencies have reported data prior to FY2015. Agency reporting completeness for FY2015 onward is captured below.

Data Last Updated: 12/20/2019

Requested Funding By Fiscal Year | MCC

The below figures show the amount of funding that was requested, appropriated, obligated, and spent for activities within a given year. These figures are interactive—choose your funding type and year of interest to learn more about which agencies programmed funds for which purposes.

Select from the timeline and data types to view additional details.

Appropriated Funding By Fiscal Year | MCC

The below figures show the amount of funding that was requested, appropriated, obligated, and spent for activities within a given year. These figures are interactive—choose your funding type and year of interest to learn more about which agencies programmed funds for which purposes.

Select from the timeline and data types to view additional details.

Obligated Funding By Fiscal Year | MCC

The below figures show the amount of funding that was requested, appropriated, obligated, and spent for activities within a given year. These figures are interactive—choose your funding type and year of interest to learn more about which agencies programmed funds for which purposes.

Select from the timeline and data types to view additional details.

Spent Funding By Fiscal Year | MCC

The below figures show the amount of funding that was requested, appropriated, obligated, and spent for activities within a given year. These figures are interactive—choose your funding type and year of interest to learn more about which agencies programmed funds for which purposes.

Select from the timeline and data types to view additional details.

Award Table | MCC

U.S. agencies issue awards to implementing partners for the purpose of delivering foreign assistance abroad. These awards are the basis of the data available on this page. An award consists of individual financial transactions that agencies report to ForeignAssistance.gov each quarter. Award data includes quantitative information, like the aggregate amount of funding agencies have obligated or spent for particular activities, as well as qualitative information, like activity titles, descriptions, locations, and implementers.

The below table displays the foreign assistance awards agencies made, as reported by their accounting systems. Please note that this data represents aggregations of transaction-level information as reported by agencies, based on available fields at the time of reporting. Actual award totals may be higher if agencies have not yet reported transactions for certain years of a given award.

Click on the arrow next to an individual award to see additional details like links to strategies, evaluations, and budgets; select multiple awards and then tap the download button to unlock a customized dataset with detailed information on each transaction.

ForeignAssistance.gov publishes new data every two to three weeks. To see what we’re publishing, visit our What’s New page. For a primer on the kinds of data we offer, read our Understanding the Data page. And for everything else, consult our Frequently Asked Questions page.

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Frequently Asked Questions | MCC

What is MCC?

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) is an innovative and independent U.S. foreign aid agency that is helping lead the fight against global poverty.

When was MCC created?

Created by the U.S. Congress in January 2004 with strong bipartisan support, MCC is changing the conversation on how best to deliver smart U.S. foreign assistance by focusing on good policies, country ownership, and results.

What does MCC do?

MCC provides well-performing countries with large-scale grants to fund country-led solutions for reducing poverty through sustainable economic growth. MCC grants complement other U.S. and international development programs. There are two primary types of MCC grants: compacts and threshold programs.

  • Compacts are large, five-year grants for countries that pass MCC’s eligibility criteria.
  • Threshold programs are smaller grants awarded to countries that come close to passing these criteria and are firmly committed to improving their policy performance.

How is MCC governed?

MCC is managed by a chief executive officer, who is part of the nine-member Board of Directors. The Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the U.S. Trade Representative, and the USAID Administrator serve on the board along with four private sector representatives.

What is distinctive about MCC?

MCC is a prime example of smart U.S. government assistance in action, benefiting both developing countries and U.S. taxpayers through:

  • Competitive selection: Before a country can become eligible to receive assistance, MCC’s Board examines its performance on 17 independent and transparent policy indicators and selects compact-eligible countries based on policy performance.
  • Country-led solutions: MCC requires selected countries to identify their priorities for achieving sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. Countries develop their MCC proposals in broad consultation within their society. MCC teams then work in close partnership to help countries refine a program.
  • Country-led implementation: MCC administers the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA). When a country is awarded a compact, it sets up its own local MCA accountable entity to manage and oversee all aspects of implementation. Monitoring of funds is rigorous and transparent, often through independent fiscal agents.

What is MCC achieving?

MCC has approved over $7.4 billion in compact and threshold programs worldwide that support country-determined projects in such sectors as:

  • agriculture and irrigation,
  • transportation (roads, bridges, ports),
  • water supply and sanitation,
  • access to health,
  • finance and enterprise development,
  • anticorruption initiatives,
  • land rights and access,
  • access to education.

The aggressive implementation of compacts and threshold programs is promoting growth opportunities, opening markets, raising the standard of living, and creating a more prosperous future for some of the world’s poorest people:

  • More than 87,000 farmers have been trained and more than 12,000 hectares of land are under production.
  • More than 3,362 kilometers of roads are under design, and road construction is underway.
  • Over $29 million has been disbursed in agricultural loans.

How does MCC plan for its fiscal year appropriations?

MCC’s planning process begins with determining whether a country is eligible to enter into a multi-year threshold or compact program (see glossary for definitions). MCC’s selection process takes into consideration the number of countries meeting eligibility criteria and follows a four step process: identify candidate countries; publish criteria and methodology process; issue country scorecards; and select countries.

Explore MCC Distributions on a Map